300 Years of British-German Royal Ties

'Kings and Queens, House of Hanover' Presentation Pack

The ruler of a small German Principality on the British throne and at the helm of the British Empire – an almost incredible story that began in 1714. With the death of Queen Anne and the unsuccessful search for a Protestant heir in England, the British monarchy turned to its distant relatives from the little Principality of Hanover. Four Georges from the House of Hanover wore the British crown from 1714 onwards, giving their name to the 18th century and shaping the history of the British Empire: The "Georgian Era" has left its mark to this very day. The Hanoverian Succession led to a vibrant cultural exchange in the arts and science between London and Hanover. The 300th Anniversary of this British-German royal link in 2014 will be celebrated by numerous exciting and colourful events in Britain and Germany.

To find out more, just explore the links below.

List of events

  • The Foundling Museum, London - By George! Handel’s Music for Royal Occasions

    Exhibition6 February - 18 May 2014The Foundling Museum, London

    Two Hanoverian monarchs reflected in the work of one great composer.

    George Frideric Handel, by the school of Thomas Hudson, ca 1737 Enlarge image George Frideric Handel, by the school of Thomas Hudson, ca 1737 (© Gerald Coke Handel Collection, The Foundling Museum) George Frideric Handel enjoyed the patronage of three British monarchs during his lifetime, composing music that remains closely associated with the Royal Family today. By George! explores Handel’s intriguing relationship with his Hanoverian patrons. Although never officially court composer, Handel tutored the royal princesses and composed music for almost all important royal events. His anthem Zadok the Priest has been performed at every British coronation since 1727.

    Handel was composer to monarchs and foundlings. He was a governor and benefactor of the Foundling Hospital, conducting annual fundraising performances of Messiah, and composed an anthem for the Hospital.

    Rich with loans from major public and private collections, the exhibition is accompanied by a series of public events.

    More information:

    www.foundlingmuseum.org.uk

  • Victoria and Albert Museum, London - William Kent: Designing Georgian Britain

    Exhibition22 March - 13 July 2014Victoria and Albert Museum, London

    Experience the life and work of William Kent, the most prominent architect and designer of early Georgian Britain. Explore how Kent’s versatility and artistic inventiveness set the style at a time when Britain defined itself as a new nation and developed a design aesthetic for the period.

    Design for a cascade at Chatsworth, ca. 1735-40. Pencil, pen and ink, wash Enlarge image Design for a cascade at Chatsworth, ca. 1735-40. Pencil, pen and ink, wash (© Devonshire Collection, Chatsworth) Bringing together over 200 examples of William Kent’s work over three decades (1719-48), the exhibition at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London will include architectural drawings for prominent buildings such as Horse Guards at Whitehall, spectacular gilt furniture from Houghton Hall and Chiswick House and landscape designs for Rousham and Holkham Hall. Many of these renowned works survive in country houses around Britain today. Discover the versatility of the ‘Kentian’ style and Kent’s lasting impact in this remarkable exhibition.

    2014 marks the tercentenary of the Hanoverian accession to the throne, a crucial moment in which the new British nation created an original sense of style that is still recognised across the world today. To celebrate William Kent’s creative ingenuity and to demonstrate the scope of his influence on British design, the V&A will be working with a number of key sites across the UK, recognising his talent as a leading British tastemaker.

    Organised by the Bard Graduate Center, New York City and the V&A

    More information:

    www.vam.ac.uk/williamkent

    #WilliamKent

    www.bgc.bard.edu/gallery/gallery-at-bgc.html

  • The Queen's Gallery, London - The First Georgians: Art & Monarchy 1714-1760

    Exhibition11 April - 12 October 2014The Queen's Gallery, Buckingham Palace, London

    William Hogarth: David Garrick and his wife Eva-Maria Veigel (1757-62), Royal Collection Enlarge image William Hogarth: David Garrick and his wife Eva-Maria Veigel (1757-62), Royal Collection (© 2013 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.) In 1714 George I ascended the throne as the first British monarch of the German House of Hanover. With the dawn of a new dynastic age came a silent revolution – one of the most dramatic periods of change across all aspects of British political, intellectual and cultural life.

    To mark the 300th anniversary of the beginning of the Georgian era, The First Georgians: Art and Monarchy 1714-1760 explores royal patronage and taste in the reigns of George I and George II as a product of a time when Britain was the world’s most liberal, commercial and modern society.  It brings together over 300 works in the Royal Collection from royal residences across the UK.

     

    More information:

    www.royalcollection.org.uk

    +44 (0)20 7766 7301 

  • Historic Royal Palaces - The Glorious Georges

    Sensory experienceOpens 17 April
    Historic Royal Palaces (Hampton Court, Kensington and Kew Palaces)

    Medallion portrait of King George II Enlarge image Medallion portrait of King George II (© Historic Royal Palaces) Meet the ‘Glorious Georges’ at Historic Royal Palaces (Hampton Court, Kensington and Kew Palaces)

    Throughout 2014, Historic Royal Palaces will bring the Georgian Court and its intriguing cast of characters to life in the Palaces they called home. Visitors to Hampton Court, Kensington and Kew Palaces will become immersed in a sensory experience, featuring the sights, sounds and even smells of the age, to celebrate these often overlooked Kings and the fascinating era in which they lived. 

    At Hampton Court Palace, meet King George I, who arrived in London in 1714 with a limited grasp on the English language, and a complicated family history. Join his court as tensions brew between the King and his son, the Prince of Wales, forcing courtiers to choose sides. A stunning representation of the Queen’s State Apartments will illuminate the history of the emergence of the Hanoverian dynasty in Britain, exploring how the British Parliament came to invite a German royal family to become their royal family.

    The story continues at Kensington Palace, where the glittering court of George II and Queen Caroline burst onto the scene in 1727. Their arrival heralded an era of culture, music and fashion, which will be brought to life in William Kent’s splendid King’s State Apartments, restored to their former glory. A feast for the senses, featuring Georgian music, court gossip, and lavish fashion, the displays at Kensington will explore the intellectual pursuits of Queen Caroline and her circle.

    Finally, at Kew Palace, the unknown younger years of King George III will be uncovered in a new display for 2014. A new display will illuminate his education at Kew Palace and highlight many of the interests and influences which shaped a young King who went on to be the first Hanoverian monarch

    More information:

    www.hrp.org.uk

  • Handel House Museum London - Hanover Rules!

    ConcertsMay-August 2014
    Handel House Museum, London

    George Frideric Handel Enlarge image George Frideric Handel (© The Handel House Trust Ltd) To commemorate the 300th anniversary of the Hanoverian Succession, Handel House Museum has programmed a season of music focusing on his many works for official and private occasions for the Royal Family with Hanover Rules. Concerts will take place in the intimate setting of Handel’s own Rehearsal and Performance Room which has a capacity of just 28 seats.

    Handel’s links with the Hanoverian family began in 1710 when he became Kapellmeister to the Elector of Hanover and future British King George I. But he made his mark, and history, in 1727 with King George II’s coronation anthems, including Zadok the Priest which has since been performed at every coronation.

    More information:

    http://www.handelhouse.org/whats-on/hanover-rules

  • The First Georgians: The German Kings Who Made Britain

    Television
    1-15 May 2014
    BBC Four

    BBC offices in London Enlarge image BBC offices in London (© picture alliance / dpa) 2014 marks the 300th anniversary of the Hanoverian succession to the British throne. To celebrate the occasion, the BBC, in partnership with the Royal Collection Trust, is launching a new three-part series presented by Dr Lucy Worsley - The First Georgians: The German Kings Who Made Britain. Revealing the surprising history of Britain in the reigns of George I and George II, this series coincides with the exhibition The First Georgians: Art & Monarchy 1714–1760, at The Queen’s Gallery, Buckingham Palace from 11 April to 12 October 2014.

    In 1714, one of the most risky constitutional experiments in British history occurred: to prevent the crown falling into the hands of a Catholic, Britain shipped in a ready-made royal family from the small German state of Hanover. The Georgian age had begun. An intimate portrait of these German kings of Britain, the series will follow George I, his son George II, and their feuding family as they slowly established themselves in their adopted kingdom -  despite ongoing threats from invading Jacobites and a lukewarm initial response from the British public. Dr Worsley will show how what was happening at court intersected with enormous changes that were reshaping Britain. The years 1714-1760 felt like a ‘peculiar experiment in the future’: modern cabinet government began under the Hanoverian kings, satire spoke the truth to power, and ‘liberty’ was the watchword of the age.

    To tell this story, Dr Worsley has been given access to treasures from the Royal Collection as they are prepared for a new exhibition at The Queen's Gallery, Buckingham Palace. These objects - many owned or commissioned by George I himself - provide Dr Worsley with an intimate perspective on this important and overlooked king.

    More information here:

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/mediacentre/proginfo/2014/17/first-georgians.html

  • Hanover-British-Society - Re-construction of the journey taken by the Elector George Louis, from Hanover to London

    Historic routeFrom Hanover to LondonHanover-British-Society

    Royal Coach Enlarge image Royal Coach (© Traumzeitreise) Shortly after Queen Anne died at her home Kensington Palace on 12th August 1714 an envoy was sent to Hannover to inform the Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and bearing with them a letter of accession from the Palace of Westminster calling him to the throne of Great Britain.

    As part of Hannover’s celebration of the Personal Union 1714-1837, the Hannover-British-Society is to re-construct the journey taken by the Elector George Louis, from Hannover to London prior to being crowned King on 20th October 1714 using a coach and horses.

    As a reminder of the anniversary, together with the state department for Roads and Infrastructure and with support from the Niedersachsen Foundation, a set of road markers known as the “Krönungsweg” are to be put in place along this historic route.

    We have been supported by the Landesgestüt Celle who are providing a ‘Royal Coach’ for the start and the finish legs, and by the ‘Europakutsche’ that will drive the route.

    More information:

    www.hanbriges.de

    www.royals-aus-hannover.de

  • Cafe Mozart, Period chamber music ensemble, Lower Saxony

    Concerts22-25 May 2014Lower Saxony

    Cafe Morzart Enlarge image Cafe Morzart (© Derek McCulloch) In May (22-25) Caf€ Mozart will be marking the tercentenary of the Personalunion with four concerts in Lower Saxony (Hahnenklee – Göttingen – Peine – Wolfenbűttel) concentrating on domestic music c1800 during the reign of George III, since that represents some 60 of the 123 years that Gt Britain and Hanover were linked by a joint ruler. The programmes supported by the Lower Saxony Trust and the Twinning Committee of the Royal Borough of Windsor&Maidenhead will set their focus on music by three forgotten composers from Lower Saxony: J.H.C.Bornhardt, J.C. Jusdorf and J.H.G.Streitwolf.

    More information:

    www.cafemozart.org

  • Lufthansa Festival of Baroque Music 2014 - London, various venues

    Classical Music16 - 24 May 2014London, various venues

    Celebrating its own 30th birthday in 2014, the Lufthansa Festival of Baroque Music puts the 300th anniversary of the Hanoverian accession at the heart of its programming as it takes for its theme ‘The Year 1714’.

    George Frideric Handel (23.02.1685 - 14.04.1759) Enlarge image George Frideric Handel (23.02.1685 - 14.04.1759) (© picture-alliance/ Keystone) The music of Handel is a dominant presence: the Elector of Hanover was astute enough to appoint this future giant of European music as his Kapellmeister (or music director) in 1710, and although Handel moved to London permanently in 1712, the two were reunited when the Elector himself was crowned George I in 1714. Handel’s long time in England coincided almost exactly with the reigns of both George I and George II.

    Thus it is that we open with the magnificent anthems that Handel wrote for the coronation of George II in 1727, works which have come to define the atmosphere of British pomp and ceremony; our annual concert in the very building in which that coronation took place, Westminster Abbey, features his Dettingen Te Deum, written to celebrate victory in a battle in which George II himself took part; and the Festival’s last night presents his stirring oratorio Joshua in a unique collaboration with Europe’s oldest Baroque music festival, the Göttingen International Handel Festival.

    More information:

    http://www.lufthansafestival.org.uk/

  • Landesmuseum Hannover - The Hanoverians on Britain’s Throne 1714-1837

    Exhibition
    17 May - 5 October 2014
    Landesmuseum, Hanover, Germany

    James Gillray: Temperance enjoying a frugal Meal, 1792 Enlarge image James Gillray: Temperance enjoying a frugal Meal, 1792 (© Karikaturmuseum WilhelmBusch) In October 1714, the Elector of Hanover ascended to the throne in London as King George I, thereby becoming ruler over two empires – he was succeeded by four further kings from the House of Hanover. In 2014, on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the Hanoverian Succession to the British throne, the state of Lower Saxony will commemorate this 123-year-long period with its large-scale cultural exhibition “The Hanoverians on Britain’s Throne 1714-1837”.

    The two countries differed not only in terms of their national constitution, but also in their social and economic conditions. Nonetheless, during this period, each influenced the other on political, cultural and social levels. Even today, the architecture, art, music and fashion of both Great Britain and Germany remind us of the lively exchange of knowledge and culture that occurred during this time.

    In the upcoming anniversary year, five exhibitions invite visitors to discover this eventful era. Furthermore, a comprehensive companion programme comprising numerous events will bring to life the period when the royals came from Hanover.

    More information:

    http://www.royals-aus-hannover.de/en/

  • British Embassy, Berlin - Duke of York visits Lower Saxony

    Visit4 June
    Lower Saxony

    Duke of York in 2013 Enlarge image Duke of York in 2013 (© picture alliance / empics) As part of the celebrations marking the 300th anniversary of the Personal Union, British Ambassador Simon McDonald will this year relocate the traditional Embassy Garden Party in honour of the official birthday of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II from Berlin to Hanover.

    The Duke of York will attend the event at Schloss Herrenhausen on 4 June 2014.

    The Duke of York’s programme will also include meetings with Lower Saxony Minister President Stephan Weil, Hanover Mayor Stefan Schostok and a visit to the exhibition: “The Hanoverians on Britain’s Throne 1714 – 1837” at the Lower Saxony State Museum.

    More information:

    https://www.gov.uk/government/world-location-news/lower-saxony-to-welcome-royal-guest.de

  • Bath Spa University, Göttingen University, Mannheim University - George I – 300 years on: Reconstructing the Succession

    Conference
    18-20 June 2014
    Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution

    Sir Godfrey Kneller: King George I, oil on canvas Enlarge image Sir Godfrey Kneller: King George I, oil on canvas (© The Crown Estate, Bridgeman Education) This interdisciplinary conference takes the theme of the accession of the first Hanoverian king, George I – it will examine not just the end of the Stuart era, but the defining characteristics, outcomes and consequences the Hanoverian succession. We invite new and established academics, PhD and early career researchers to bring their knowledge and expertise together for this three-day gathering in the city of Bath.

    Led by the History postgraduate community, and hosted by Bath Spa University, Göttingen University and Mannheim University, this international conference will be held at Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution, Queen Square, Bath, BA1 2HN, UK.

    Possible themes include, Art & Architecture, Gender, Conflict, Jacobitism, Court History, Personal Union, Culture, Politics, Diplomacy, Monarchy, Economic history, Trade and commerce and Religion.

    More information:

    george-1.weebly.com

  • German National Tourist Office UK and Ireland: Royal Heritage Route - Germany

    2014 marks the 300th anniversary of the Hanoverian accession to the thrones of the UK and Ireland and in celebration of this highly important landmark in British and German royal history, the German National Tourist Office UK and Ireland (GNTO) has launched the ‘The British German Royal Heritage Route’.

    Marienburg Castle Enlarge image Marienburg Castle (© TourismusMarketing Niedersachsen) This new holiday route and travel website enables visitors and enthusiasts of all things Royal to trace the footsteps of British monarchs in Germany, a heritage dating from the first Georgians in 1714 to the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837. The campaign was officially launched by HRH Prince Ernst August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, himself a direct descendent of George I.

    Looking for ideas and advice about how to trace British Royalty in Germany? Royal enthusiasts can book their own independent ‘Royal’ tours, using an interactive ‘Royal Heritage Route’ map on the new website, plus major tour operators are offering special ‘Royal Tours’ of German Cities. Hanover, Brunswick, Celle, and Hamelin, the UNESCO designated town of Goslar, plus the beautiful island of Norderney are all major highlights of the new route. Do not miss the exquisite Marienburg Castle, once a birthday present from the Hanoverian King George V to his wife Queen Mary, and considered to be one of the most important neo-Gothic buildings in Germany.

    More information:

    www.germany.travel/royalheritage

  • British Library, London - Georgians Revealed: Life, Style and the Making of Modern Britain

    Exhibition8 November 2013 - 11 March 2014British Library, London

    From beautifully furnished homes to raucous gambling dens, Georgians Revealed explores the revolution in everyday life that took place between 1714 and 1830. Cities and towns were transformed.

    Fashionable Shoe Maker, Georgians Revealed Enlarge image Fashionable Shoe Maker, Georgians Revealed (© British Library) Taking tea, reading magazines, gardening and shopping for leisure were commonplace, and conspicuous consumption became the pastime of the emerging middle classes. Popular culture as we know it began, and with it the unstoppable rise of fashion and celebrity. Art galleries, museums and charities werefounded.

    In this time of incredible innovation, ideas were endlessly debated in the new coffee houses and spread via the information highway that was mass print. Drawing on the British Library's uniquely rich and rare collections of illustrated books, newspapers, maps and advertisements, as well as loaned artworks and artefacts, Georgians Revealed brings to life thetrials and triumphs of the ordinary people who transformed Britain forever.

    More information:

    www.bl.uk/georgians-revealed

    Video:

    Curator Introduction

  • British-German Association, London - Early Georgian Royal Palaces in Britain and Germany

    Lecture13 March 2014, 6.30pmThe German House, 34 Belgrave Square, London

    Abraham Allard: The Procession of George I and George Augustus, Prince of Wales arriving at St James’s Palace, 1714 Enlarge image Abraham Allard: The Procession of George I and George Augustus, Prince of Wales arriving at St James’s Palace, 1714 (© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II) To commemorate the 300th anniversary of George I’s accession to the British Throne, the lecture "Spotlight on the Hanoverians: Early Georgian Royal Palaces in Britain and Germany – the Architectural Legacy of George I and George II" by Wolf Burchard from the Royal Collection Trust explores the little known architectural patronage of the first two Georgian monarchs. The Hanoverians had a great variety of palaces, castles and hunting lodges both in Britain and Germany. Whilst not as sumptuous as the palaces of Versailles, Vienna or Berlin, the Georgian residences reflected the new monarchs’ understanding of the differences between the British monarchy and the absolute ones on the continent.

    More information:

    www.britishgermanassociation.org

  • German Historical Institute London - ‘Inside was a Parchment, so beautifully painted on all sides’: The Ornate Charter of the Hanoverian Succession

    Lecture
    18 March 2014, 5:30pm
    German Historical Institute London

    Act of Settlement Enlarge image Act of Settlement (© Niedersächsisches Landesarchiv Hannover) In 1701 the English Parliament passed the Act of Settlement. To secure the Protestant succession, the crown was to pass to Electress Sophia, a granddaughter of James I/VI, and her descendants. The Act resulted in a unique diplomatic mission: in order to become law, it had to be conveyed to, and accepted by, the Hanoverian court. This seminar will look at the actual parchment sent and its presentation. Ulrike Weiss is Lecturer in Art History at the University of St Andrews and was curator of Landesgeschichte at the History Museum, Hanover. Her most recent publications explore Hanoverian political iconography in numismatics and aspects of court culture. They include Das Ross springt auf die Insel: Zur Entstehung, Verbreitung und Wirkung der bekanntesten Medaille auf die hannoversche Sukzession (2011); and Die Königin hat (die) Hosen an: Caroline Mathilde von Dänemark zu Pferd (2013).

    The seminar is held on 18th March at 5.30 p.m. in the Seminar Room of the German Historical Institute. Tea is served from 5.00 p.m. in the Common Room, and wine is available after the seminars. Guided tours of the Library are available before the seminar at 4.30 p.m.

    More information:

    http://www.ghil.ac.uk/events_and_conferences/seminars_and_lectures.html

'Kings and Queens, House of Hanover' Presentation Pack

Royal Mail commemorative stamp series

The 'Kings and Queens, House of Hanover' Presentation Pack was kindly provided by Royal Mail.

British Library blog: Anglo-German centuries

To mark the joint anniversary of 1714 and 1914 the British Library blog will be presenting over the course of this year a series of themed blog posts examining Anglo-German relations specifically between those two dates through different items from the Library's collections: a kind of ‘History in Objects’ like those promoted by the British Museum in recent years.

The Guardian: The German anniversary to celebrate in 2014

Read the comment on the importance of the anniversary of the Hanoverian succession and the events marking it.